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Type 2 Diabetes - How Should Pregnant Women Take In Iron Each Day?

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Anemia is a condition affecting red blood cells. Red blood cells can be too few, too large or small, damaged, or not carry enough iron. Pregnant women can be subject to anemia due to the healthy increase of fluid their body needs at this time. With the rise in fluid associated with pregnancy, red blood cells can become diluted. Prenatal vitamins containing iron are often prescribed to prevent anemia of gestation.

It's interesting to note a high iron intake is associated with the development of Type 2 diabetes. A team of researchers at the University of Sydney together with several other institutions in Australia and Canada conducted a study to learn whether the same could be true of Gestational diabetes, the kind of diabetes diagnosed during pregnancy.

The researchers sampled blood taken from women in the first three months of their pregnancy. Of 3776 pregnant women tested, 128 went on to develop Gestational diabetes...

    women with a high amount of ferritin, a molecule that stores iron, had a 41 percent higher chance of developing Gestational diabetes than those with normal levels.
    the women found to have iron in their blood outside their red blood cells also had a greater risk of developing diabetes during their pregnancy.
    pregnant women with higher levels of heme, an iron-containing molecule in red blood cells, also ran a greater risk.
    iron supplements were not linked with the development of diabetes during pregnancy.

From the above results, it was concluded further investigation is needed to attempt to confirm their results.

Heme iron is found in animal foods such as...

    red meats,
    chicken and turkey,
    pork, and
    seafood.

According to the study mentioned earlier, getting iron from vegetable sources might be better than iron from meat sources from the standpoint of Gestational diabetes.

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Beans and dark green leafy vegetables are known ways of taking in iron. Whole grains and fortified cereals are also beneficial, as well as tofu, tempeh, nuts, and seeds. You could also try...

    pumpkin seed,
    squash seed,
    pine seed,
    pistachio seed,
    cashews,
    sunflower seeds and
    sesame seeds.

The website Greenforks.com recommends making "Tasty Veggie Burgers" using several of the ingredients listed above...

    ¾ cup rolled or quick oats
    1 teaspoon dried oregano
    ½ teaspoon dried thyme
    ½ teaspoon sea salt
    ¼ teaspoon ground black pepper
    1¾ cups cooked chickpeas or 1 14-ounce can chickpeas rinsed and drained
    1 cup finely grated carrot
    ½ cup sliced spring onions
    ½ cup parsley
    2 garlic cloves, minced
    2 tablespoons red wine vinegar
    1 tablespoon tahini
    2 teaspoons tamari
    ½ cup raw sunflower seeds
    olive oil or nonstick cooking spray for pan-frying
    a pinch of cayenne pepper may be added but is optional.